No Excuses! - A Documentary on Quality Physical Education
QUALITY PHYSICAL EDUCATION ADVOCACY
EFFECTIVE TEACHING STRATEGIES
Teaching Strategies for English Language Learners
English Language Learners (ELLs) are a large and growing population in our country and physical education is in a unique position to help as it has characteristics that are supportive of these students, with conditions similar to those in which children acquire their first language (Clancy, M. & Hruska, B., 2005). These characteristics include:
Danger of a Single Story
This is an amazing video that explains how we can send hidden messages to our students by the content we select, what and who we use as examples, language we use or don't use, etc.
A Class Divided
This classic video by PBS demonstrates the effects of being a minority. While it is very dated, it is still a great resource for educators and students. You can find the original clips along with supplemental resources here.
Terms and Definitions
- Academic Language: The language students need in order communicate effectively about a subject.
- English Language Development (ELD): Classes designed to assist English Language Learners.
- English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL): English language classes designed to help those who's first language is not English.
- English Language Learner (ELL): A student who is the process of acquiring the English language and whose first language is not English.
- Limited English Proficient (LEP): Another term for an English Language Learner student.
- Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SOIP): An instructional model developed to facilitate high quality instruction for ELLs in content area teaching.
- Specially Designed Academic Instruction in English (SDAIE): Teaching strategies for teaching academic content to English Language Learners.
SDAIE Strategies (Specially Designed Academic Instruction for English)
- Metacognitive Development: Providing students with skills and vocabulary to talk about their learning. Examples: Self assessments, note taking and studying techniques, and vocabulary assignments.
- Bridging: Establishing a link between the students prior knowledge and the material. Examples: Think-pair-share, quick-writes, and anticipatory charts.
- Schema-Building: Helping students see the relationships between various concepts. Examples: Compare and contrast, jigsaw learning, peer teaching, and projects.
- Contextualization: Familiarizes unknown concepts through direct experience. Examples: Demonstrations, media, manipulatives, repetition, and local opportunities.
- Text Representation: Inviting students to extend understandings of text and apply them in a new way. Examples: Student created drawings, videos, and games.
- Modeling: Speaking slowly and clearly, modeling the language you want students to use, and providing samples of student work.
Assignments, Assessments, and Activities
Articles Regarding English Language Learners
Additional Resources for Teaching English Language Learners
- Colorin Colorado: A bilingual site for educators and families of English Language Learners.
- Edutopia: See this comprehensive list of articles from Edutopia.
- ELL Success: WeAreTeachers homepage for English Language Learners.
- Larry Ferlazzo: This site posts articles that vary from instructional practices to current issues in education. In addition, he has a Best of Series page which has links to over 600 lists he has created for finding online resources on various topics. Many of these resources are on the topic of ELLs.
- Our Nation's English Learners: Website from Ed.gov that has information and statistics on ELLs.
Resources for this Page:
- Enhancing Content Literacy in Physical Education. Buell, C., & Whittaker, A. (2001).
- Developing Language Objectives for English Language Learners in Physical Education Lessons. Clancy, M. & Hruska, B. (2005).
- Teaching Secondary Physical Education to ESL Students. Glakas, B. A. (1993).
- Instructional Models and Strategies for Teaching English Language Learners. Center on Instruction. Moughamian et al. (2009).
- English Language Learners: A Policy Research Brief produced by the National Council of Teachers of English. NCTE. (2008).
- Effective Instruction for English-Language Learners. Protheroe, N. (2011).