No Excuses! A Documentary on Physical Education
QUALITY PHYSICAL EDUCATION ADVOCACY
Quality Physical Education
Recess and Play
EFFECTIVE TEACHING STRATEGIES
Articles and Videos
Fitnessgram Guidelines and Resources
SHAPE America Appropriate Practices
- 1.6.2 Lessons/activities are adapted for overweight students (e.g., distance and pace runs are made more appropriate). Students are encouraged to undertake appropriate levels of activity for their own improvement.
- 3.4.1 Health-related components provide the focus for fitness activities. Skill related components of fitness are emphasized in their relation to skill development.
- 3.4.2 The physical educator helps students interpret and use assessment data to set goals and to develop a lifelong fitness plan
- 4.3.1 Physical educators use fitness assessment as part of the ongoing process of helping students understand, enjoy, improve and/or maintain their physical fitness and well-being (e.g., students set goals for improvement that are revisited during the school year).
- 4.3.2 As part of an ongoing physical education program, students are prepared physically in each fitness component so that they can complete the assessments safely.
- 4.4.1 Physical educators make every effort to create testing situations that are private, nonthreatening, educational and encouraging.
- 4.4.2 Physical educators encourage students to avoid comparisons with others and, instead, use the results as a catalyst for personal improvement.
- 4.5.1 Test results are shared privately with students and their parents/ guardians as a tool for developing personal goals and strategies.
Additional Appropriate Practices
Preparing for the Fitnessgram
Articles on the Fitnessgram
Interesting Video on Fitness Testing
FitnessGram Training Videos
Resources for Other Fitness Tests
Research on Fitness Testing
A Lasting Impression: A Pedagogical Perspective on Youth Fitness Testing. Silverman, S., Keating, X., & Phillips, S. (2008): "This article addresses ways in which fitness tests can be used positively in physical education. The authors take the position throughout the article that fitness tests should be used as formative evaluation to further educational goals."
A Review of Children's Fitness Testing. Harris, J. & Cole, L. (2006):"A review of literature on children's fitness testing formed part of a study exploring the feasilbility of fitness testing children in order to promote their physical activity and health status."
Appropriate Uses of Fitness Measurement. NASPE Position Statement (2010): "NASPE believes that fitness assessment alone will not make students fit. Quality physical education programs that address each of the six national standards serve as the foundation for improving personal health. Fitness will improve through sound instructional practices and providing students with the knowledge and skills they need to be physically active for a lifetime."
Practical Guidelines for Valid and Reliable Youth Fitness Testing. Mahar, M., & Rowe, D. (2008): "Accurate measures of youth fitness are needed by researchers and practitioners. Evidence of validity and reliability are essential before results of youth fitness tests can be used to make sound decisions. This article describes a three-stage paradigm for validation research and provides guidance for conducting and understanding norm-referenced and criterion-referenced validity and reliability research. Advice is provided on how to administer fitness tests and how to use fitness test results in ways that promote reliability and validity in practice."
The Responsible Use of Youth Fitness Testing to Enhance Student Motivation, Enjoyment, and Performance. Wiersma, L., & Sherman, C. (2008): "The purpose of this article is to discuss relevant psychological theories that explain factors related to students' performance on fitness testing, as well as to provide instructional strategies that minimize adverse reactions to fitness testing and that maximize effort, enjoyment, and motivation. Throughout the article, we address the relationship of physical fitness testing to several psychological factors such as perceptions of competence, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, enjoyment, goal orientation, and physical activity promotion."
Statewide Physical Fitness Testing: A BIG Waist or a BIG Waste. Morrow, J. & Ede, A. (2009): "Statewide physical fitness testing is gaining popularity in the United States because of increased childhood obesity levels, the relations between physical fitness and academic performance, and the hypothesized relations between adult characteristics and childhood physical activity, physical fitness, and health behaviors. Large-scale physical fitness testing can be fraught with problems unless properly planned and conducted. Legislators, administrators, teachers, and parents should consider the following 10 essential issues when conducting large-scale physical fitness testing: purpose of testing, proper planning, training, quality of the data, reporting, support, costs, interpretation, programmatic matters, and policies and politics."
Young people’s uses of wearable healthy lifestyle technologies. Goodyear, V., Kerner, C., & Quennerstedt, M. (2017): "The results demonstrated that, the daily 10,000 step and calorie burning targets set by the Fitbit device encouraged young people to do more physical activity...Daily step and calorie burning targets: (i) did not sustain young people's engagements with the device beyond a few weeks, (ii) promoted negative feelings, and (iii) the device was resisted because it did not recorc physical activity accurately as part of young people's lives."